Digital technology revolution is changing the future of the world. Although digital technology has reduced the barriers of time and distance, at the same time it also producing the so-called “digital divide,” which is another form of inequality. There are two levels of the digital divide; the first level is the lack of access to IT and the second level is inequality in the utilization of these technologies. This paper analyzes various forms of the digital divide, especially from the aspect of socio-demographic variables and their impact on democracy and politics in the era of mass society. A literature review shows that digital technology is changing the democracy and its study; internet use for politics is also not equal depending on skills and motivational factors; and its affects how religious communities change their perceptions regarding the use of the Internet and negotiate the discrepancy between their needs and its advantages.Technological alienation comes to be an increasingly dominant description of capitalist society as a whole. In technological alienation, human beings are not only dominated by the commodities they produce, but also by their instruments of production, including digital technology (Internet).
Keywords: Digital Divide, Democracy, Inequality, Alienation, Technophobia, Technophilia